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Vinita Health Center, Vinita, Okla.

James R. Childers Architect Inc. designed the Cherokee Nation's Vinita Health Center in Vinita, Okla., to reflect the health care facility site's connection with the Cherokee people's involvement in the Civil War.James R. Childers Architect Inc. designed the Cherokee Nation's Vinita Health Center in Vinita, Okla., to reflect the health care facility site's connection with the Cherokee people's involvement in the Civil War. Cherokee people fought in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War and against one another in two battles at Cabin Creek, near the health care facility. A period after the war, 1861-1880, is known among Cherokee people as a time of fighting and healing, when members of the Cherokee Nation reconciled.

Vinita Health Center features Cherokee art and lithographs depicting events during the Civil War period and how they affected the Cherokee Nation. Breck Childers, project architect at James R. Childers Architect, says the design was inspired by the fighting and healing era. "The structures of that time frame relied heavily on wood and stone construction materials," he says. "We added the metal roof because of its durability and the desire to be consistent with the standing seam roofs generally used on most other Cherokee Nation buildings."

Childers says the design concept started with the idea that architecture should be familiar to the local population. "At the same time, it should reflect the culture and values of the people it serves," he adds.

Harness Roofing Inc. installed approximately 43,500 square feet of Petersen Aluminum Corp.'s 22-gauge, 12-inch-wide PAC-CLAD Snap-Clad metal roof panels in Cool Color Granite. Cool Color Granite differs from the customary dark green color on most other Cherokee Nation buildings. Childers says Cool Color Granite contributes to LEED Silver certification.

Vinita Health Center's roof is inverted at some areas. Jason Irvin, branch manager at Harness Roofing, says the architect was actively involved with the design and installation. "There was a lot of complicated detailing on the job," he says. "We field-fabricated a complex gutter design including custom downspouts and an internal gutter system on a major part of the building."

Sustainable features include locally sourced materials, natural daylighting, low-flow fixtures, energy-efficient lighting and drought-tolerant landscaping.

The 92,000-square-foot health care center is located on a 23-acre site. It is part of the Cherokee Nation Health System and replaced a 4,000-square-foot clinic. It is the health care system's second-largest center and provides comprehensive medical care.

Owner: Cherokee Nation, Tahlequah, Okla.
Architect: James R. Childers Architect Inc., Fort Smith, Ark.
Installer: Harness Roofing Inc., Tulsa, Okla.
Metal roof panels: Petersen Aluminum Corp., Elk Grove Village, Ill., www.pac-clad.com